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A plane carrying the Chapecoense football team crashed in Colombia killing 76 people on board.
At least five people including two players Alan Ruschel and Jackson Follman survived the crash. The team’s goalkeeper Danilo survived the crash but died from his injuries, according to reports. There are unconfirmed report that defender Zampier Neto may also have survived the crash. Two crew members also survived.
Those killed on the flight included 21 journalists travelling with the team for Chapecoense’s Copa Sudamerica finals match against Atléticao in Colombia’s second city Medellin. The plane was en route from Blovia to Medellin.
The plane, a British Aerospace 146 was given priority to land but didn’t reach the airport, according to Alfredo Bocanegra, the head of Colombia’s civil aviation authority. It lost contact with ground controllers around midnight.
As the plane was made in Britain a team from the UK’s Air Accidents Investigation Branch is sending inspectors to the crash site as part of the investigation. Questions have been raised about why a team request to fly direct from Brazil, instead of from Bolivia, was rejected by Brazil’s civial aviation authority.
Bad weather hampered rescue efforts, which had to be briefly suspended due to heavy rain. Daylight images from the site showed rescue workers carrying away shrouded bodies of those killed in the crash.
Football teams across the world have been expressing their condolences.
The mayor of Medellín said the crash was “a tragedy of huge proportions”. Brazil’s president Temer offered support and sympathy to the families of those killed.
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Gravity is something all of us are familiar with from our first childhood experiences. You drop something - it falls. And the way physicists have described gravity has also been pretty consistent - it’s considered one of the four main forces or “interactions” of nature and how it works has been described by Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity all the way back in 1915.
But Professor Erik Verlinde, an expert in string theory from the University of Amsterdam and the Delta Institute of Theoretical Physics, thinks that gravity is not a fundamental force of nature because it's not always there. Instead it’s “emergent” - coming into existence from changes in microscopic bits of information in the structure of spacetime.
Verlinde first articulated this groundbreaking theory in his 2010 paper, which took on the laws of Newton and argued that gravity is “an entropic force caused by changes in the information associated with the positions of material bodies”. He famously stated then that "gravity is an illusion," elaborating further that:
"Well, of course gravity is not an illusion in the sense that we know that things fall. Most people, certainly in physics, think we can describe gravity perfectly adequately using Einstein’s General Relativity. But it now seems that we can also start from a microscopic formulation where there is no gravity to begin with, but you can derive it. This is called ‘emergence’."
What’s more, the Dutch professor now published an elaboration of his previous work in “Emergent Gravity and the Dark Universe”, which argues there’s no “dark matter” - a mysterious kind of matter that along with dark energy theoretically makes up 95% of the universe, but has not really been discovered yet. Dark matter alone is thought to account for nearly 27% of the universe's mass-energy.
There has undoubtedly been something scientifically disconcerting about giving so much significance to a force that’s never been detected directly. It’s existence has only been inferred through gravitational effects. Interestingly, it’s existence has been first suggested by another Dutch scientist - the astronomer Jacobus Kapteyn in 1922.
One way the existence of dark matter was used was to explain why stars in outer regions of space seem to rotate faster around the center of their galaxy than theory suggested. What Verlinde proposes is that gravity just works differently from how we previously understood it, and creating the concept of dark matter is irrelevant. He is able to predict the velocity of outer-rim stars and their “excess gravity” within his new theory.
"We have evidence that this new view of gravity actually agrees with the observations," said Verlinde. "At large scales, it seems, gravity just doesn't behave the way Einstein's theory predicts."
One great outcome of Verlinde’s work is that it pushes us further towards reconciling quantum physics with general relativity.
"Many theoretical physicists like me are working on a revision of the theory, and some major advancements have been made. We might be standing on the brink of a new scientific revolution that will radically change our views on the very nature of space, time and gravity, “ explained Verlinde.
Hear Professor Verlinde talk about what he thinks of gravity in his interview with Big Think:
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Scientists at the Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism at Oxford University and the Churchill Hospital have found that women with big bums are increasingly intelligent and more resistant to chronic illnesses.
The number of health benefits make booty akin to a miracle cure.
Behind the data
Population studies cited in the research found that women with larger bottoms are more likely to have lower levels of cholesterol and produce more hormones to metabolize sugar.
Moreover, the adipose tissue on a bum and upper thigh catches the harmful fatty particles and prevents cardiovascular disease.
Having a big butt also favours the hormone which regulates weight, and ones with anti-inflammatory, vascular-protective and anti-diabetic attributes.
The protective properties of booty are exerted through long term fatty acid storage.
The increased intelligence is due to the amount of Omega 3 fats required to get a big bum in the first place.
Omega 3 fats are proven to catalyze brain development.
The traits appear to be passed on. The research also showed that children born to women with larger hips were more intelligent.
The research shows a good sized posterior is good for posterity.
Published in the International Journal of Obesity in 2010, the study concluded that if a person is going to carry body fat, the thighs and buttocks at least offer some protection.
The lead researcher Konstantinos Manolopoulos explained.
Fat around the hips and thighs is good for you but around the tummy is bad.
The study ‘Gluteofemoral body fat as a determinant of metabolic health’ focused on the distribution of fat around the body, rather than looking at whether or not more fat was healthier.